Impact of Chitosan as Chelating Agent on Microhardness and Mineral Content of Intraradicular Dentin

Document Type : Original Article


1 Lecturer of Endodontics, Endodontic Department, Faculty of Dental Medicine for Girls, Al Azhar University.

2 Lecturer of Dental Biomaterials, Dental Biomaterial Department, Faculty of Dental Medicine for Girls, Al Azhar University.


Aim: This study was designed to evaluate the effects of 0.2% chitosan, 2% chitosan and 17% EDTA chelating agents on the microhardness and mineral content of human root canal dentin. Materials and Methods: Sixty extracted single-rooted human teeth were longitudinally sectioned into 120 segments. The specimens were randomly divided into four groups according to the chelating agent used; G1: 0.2% chitosan, G2: 2% chitosan, G3: 17% EDTA and G4: saline (control group). Dentin microhardness was measured in a total of 80 specimens using Vickers diamond indenter with 300 g load
and a dwell time of 20 s. A total volume of 5 mL of each solution was used for 3min and then specimens finally flushed with 10 mL distilled water. In a total of 40 specimens, the level of three elements (calcium, phosphorus and magnesium) in each specimen was analyzed using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICPAES).
Results: All tested chelating agents significantly decreased the microhardness of root canal dentin (P ≤ 0.05) and reduced the mineral content of dentin. Chitosan 2% and 17% EDTA had the statistically significant highest mean percentage reduction in microhardness compared to the control group (P ≤ 0.05) and showed the maximum loss of Ca ions from root canal dentin. Chitosan 0.2% showed less reduction in dentin microhardness and chelated Ca ions from root dentin. Conclusions: Chitosan 0.2% solution is equally effective to 17% EDTA in removing Ca ions from root canal dentin without
much altering its microhardness. Accordingly, the natural product of 0.2% chitosan attracts its use as dentin chelating agent.